Samarkand is one of the ancient towns of the Central Asia. The time of its foundation is not established exactly as well as the derivation of the word “Samarkand”. The oriental authors wrongly believed that the first part of the name “Samar” was the proper name of founder or conqueror. However, the history doesn’t know such name. The second part of the word “kent” means the settlement, the town. Some European scientists interpreted the name from the ancient root similar to Sanskrit Samarya, what means in translation “meeting, gathering”. The antique authors called this town “Marakanda”.