The Muslim holiday of Navruz, the day of vernal equinox, has been celebrated for more than three thousand years, but the origins of this holiday go far in Zoroastrism. The legend says that on this day Zoroaster was chosen by God to bring happiness to people.
According to the teachings of the Holy book of Zoroastrianism, the Avesta, Navruz is connected with king Jamshid, on whom on this day, according to legend, fell the rays of the sun. The doctrine of the Avesta asserts that every spring people have to note the emergence of life in six types - water, earth, sky, animals, plants and people.
In the Middle Ages Navruz lasted 13 days. New Year was celebrated in the field at the end of the celebrations. Who came out to enjoy nature in the field will be throughout the year happy and prosperous. The inhabitants of Mesopotamia were celebrating Navruz in the "Temple of fire". Today it is widely distributed customary to kindle bonfires during the celebration of Navruz.
However, according to Muslim traditions, the happiness and prosperity will be given to those who keep the commandments of God and reject the forbidden. Muslim New Year does not provide for any celebrations.
Over time, Navruz was a Muslim holiday. Today, this feast is called the "Navruz", which translated from the Persian means "new day". This day is the New Year for Muslims around the world. It is celebrated on 21 March, about a week and a holiday is very colorful. In the villages it is celebrated simultaneously with the festival of sowing (erga urug kadash).
The villagers symbolic harnessed two oxen and plow the land. Then the child goes barefoot on the plowed earth and scatters grain. From this day it is considered that you can start to sow corn and to plant trees. Preparation begins forty days before the feast.
Only on Navruz people cook a special dish - sumalak. They put the wheat on trays and water every day, so it sprouted. On the feast the wheat is milled, filtered and is cook almost daily in the cauldron, stirring constantly and adding the flour. Women prepare the sumalak and during cooking they sing and dance. And to avoid the dish to be burnt, they throw some walnuts in their shells and pebbles in the cauldron. When the sumalak is ready it becomes sweet, although it does not add a single gram of sugar. And nuts and pebbles they give to children for happiness.
Holidays of Uzbekistan - Navruz
In addition sumalak people prepare also chalisa. The meat is cooked also in the cauldron all night until it turns into mush.
On the table must be wheat germ, halva, bichak (pies) with spinach, somsa, raisins, dried apricots and more. According to tradition, first, people congratulate the parents, then family, and then go to the neighborhood teahouse and congratulate neighbors. In this day you should forget all the wrongs and ask forgiveness from those whom they have offended. There is also held Kupkari – goat tearing. This is similar to Polo, but instead of the ball there is a carcass of a goat, no clubs, play not aristocrats but ordinary people, the inhabitants of the villages. The winners will receive valuable prizes, among which can be the carpets, TV sets, radio sets, cars and just cash prizes. Navruz is celebrated in every corner of Uzbekistan and is the official day off.
On Navruz you can see all the splendor of the holiday atmosphere, costumes and bright colors, abundance of smiles and joy. That is all that there is in this spring holiday, and what was by the peoples of Central Asia a thousand years ago, so now it is celebrated: with fun, feast and festivities. A real celebration of spring - live it with us!